Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: 1994-2018
An Overview Report

Prepared by: Silindile Mlilo and Jean Pierre Misago

This overview report describes trends of xenophobic violence that occurred between 1994 and 2018 across South Africa based on information recorded on Xenowatch. Xenowatch is an open-source platform created by the African Centre for Migration & Society (ACMS) at the University of the Witwatersrand to monitor incidents of –and responses to- xenophobic violence in South Africa (for more details visit www.xenowatch.ac.za). In summary, as at 31 December 2018, Xenowatch had recorded 529 xenophobic violence incidents that resulted in 309 deaths; 901 physical assaults, 2193 shops looted and over 100,000 people displaced.

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