Xenophobic attacks in South Africa are not exclusively a recent phenomenon. Due to longstanding patterns of labour migration, conflict and economic hardship in neighbouring countries, South Africa has become a primary destination and transit point for many migrants throughout the region and the numbers are likely to increase in the coming years. Despite its promise of democracy and human rights-for all those who live in it- a significant proportion of the country’s population remains highly xenophobic

Title: Tragedy or farce? Xenophobic violence against foreign nationals and other “outsiders” in post-apartheid South Africa

Author: Emma Monama, Loren B. Landau