Written by Jean Pierre Misago, This policy brief provides a summarized analysis of causal factors, police responses and solutions adopted and/or proposed in relation to this violence. 1 For assessments of the humanitarian support provided to the displaced. .2 Our research suggests that many current analyses miss critical causal factors behind the violence and that proposed responses and solutions may be neither appropriate nor durable. Beyond helping to find immediate solutions, this report suggests that the De Doorns violence has broader significance in terms of national patterns of violence against foreign nationals.