Loren B. Landau & Iriann Freemantle discusses research amongst immigrant groups in Johannesburg points to the emergence of distinctive ways of negotiating inclusion and belonging that transcend ethnic, national or transnational paradigms. Confronted with new South African nationalism, a restrictive immigration regime and xenophobia, immigrants have reacted with what we term tactical cosmopolitanism’ to negotiate partial inclusion in South Africa’s transforming society without becoming bounded by it. This paper contributes to the emerging literature on cosmopolitanism ‘from below’, conceptualized not as a philosophy but as a practice and form of experiential culture.
Written by Loren B. Landau, this article makes sense of the violence with reference to an extended history of South African statecraft that both induced the conflict and hamstrung efforts to address it. In particular,
it describes how decades of discursive and institutional efforts to control political and physical space have generated two demons with which the country must now contend.
Written by Jean Pierre Misago the article argues that governance is a key determinant of xenophobic violence in South Africa and of collective violence generally.
Written by Jean Pierre Misago and Loren B Landau the article discusses , the ongoing violence suggests a shift in target. While the direct target of xenophobic violence has usually been international migrants, or outsiders in general, the current violence targets migrants and South African drivers indiscriminately.
Written by Jean Pierre Misago, This policy brief provides a summarized analysis of causal factors, police responses and solutions adopted and/or proposed in relation to this violence. 1 For assessments of the humanitarian support provided to the displaced. .2 Our research suggests that many current analyses miss critical causal factors behind the violence and that proposed responses and solutions may be neither appropriate nor durable. Beyond helping to find immediate solutions, this report suggests that the De Doorns violence has broader significance in terms of national patterns of violence against foreign nationals.
Written by, Jean Pierre Misago in this article he discusses : What triggers xenophobic violence in South Africa? By answering this deceivingly simple but critical question, this paper high -lights an often-missed empirical factor and key element in the xenophobic violence causal chain: mobilization.